Oil and Gas employees at rig

Oil and Gas Facts & Figures 2020

The oil and gas industry plays an integral role in the economy of Wyoming. Here you will find the latest oil and gas facts and figures from Wyoming, including development, taxes, employment and more. For more information on oil and gas development in general, as well as in Wyoming, visit our Oil and Gas 101 page.

EXPLORATION

The petroleum industry has been exploring for oil and gas in Wyoming for over 135 years. In 1884 the first oil well was drilled southeast of present day Lander.

78 new field wildcat wells, those drilled in unproven areas, were drilled in 2019. In 2019, 86% of wildcat wells found oil or gas.

The deepest well drilled in Wyoming to date was a 25,764-foot dry hole. The deepest producing well is a gas well drilled to 24,877 feet.

The 2019 monthly average rig count was 32. The 2016 average of 11 is the lowest recorded rig count. In 1981, the all-time record year for rotary rig activity in Wyoming, was an average of 192 units working monthly.

PRODUCTION

In 2019, sales of crude oil production totaled 101.8 million barrels, up 16% from 2018. Sales of natural gas production in 2018 totaled 1.456 trillion cubic feet down 8.52% from 2018.

Nationally, Wyoming ranked 8th in production of both crude oil and natural gas in 2019. In 2009 Wyoming recorded its highest level of natural gas production, while 2009 marked the lowest level of crude oil production since 1954. 1970 was the year of highest crude oil production in the state, producing 141,546,503 barrels.

Just as in 2018, Converse County was the leading crude oil producer in 2019 followed by Campbell and Laramie Counties. Sublette County remained the largest natural gas producer in Wyoming, with Sweetwater County in second and Converse County taking over third from Fremont County.

During 2019, 334 companies/operators produced Wyoming’s crude oil and 218 produced natural gas. There were 25,455 producing wells. In 2019 approximately 11,001 wells produced oil and 14,454 produced gas of that number 5,241 were coal bed natural gas wells. The average daily production for an oil well was 25.4 barrels. For a gas well, the average was 276 Mcf per day.

Wyoming had 35 operating gas plants in 2019 processing nearly 97% of the state’s gas production.

REFINING AND TRANSPORTATION

Wyoming’s first refinery was constructed in Casper in 1895.  In 2018 there were 5 operating refineries in the state with a capacity to refine 168,500 barrels of crude oil each day. In 1981 there were 14 active refineries in the state.

The first crude oil pipeline was constructed in 1911.  Today, there are approximately 100 companies operating approximately 30,000 miles of pipelines in Wyoming, not including all gathering systems or all inactive or abandoned pipelines.  Pipelines are located in all of Wyoming’s 23 counties and carry crude, natural gas, natural gas liquids, carbon dioxide and petroleum products.

According to a 2017 study produced by the American Petroleum Institute, midstream operations in Wyoming support 9,217 jobs and contribute an annual average to state GPD of $609 million.

PROPERTY TAXES

Oil and gas production, by itself, accounted for over 40% of the total property taxes levied in Wyoming and nearly 70% of the property taxes levied on all minerals.

Property taxes levied – 2018 Mineral Production

Crude Oil $298,699,660
Natural Gas $198,146,020
Oil and Gas Total $496,845,680
Coal $172,756,893
Trona $31,755,469
All Others $9,561,411
Total All Minerals $710,919,453
TOTAL All-State Property $1,223,267,627

Minerals as a Percentage of Property Taxes

  • Oil and Gas
  • Coal
  • All Others
  • Non-Mineral Property

Minerals are the only class or kind of property in Wyoming valued and taxed at 100% of their actual value. Minerals are also the only class or kind of property which pay two direct taxes (property and severance).

 

SEVERANCE TAXES

Crude oil and natural gas production paid nearly $473 million in severance taxes, about 66% of all the severance taxes paid by minerals produced in 2019.

Severance Taxes – 2019 Production

Crude Oil $281,179,104
Natural Gas $191,767,922
Oil and Gas Total $472,947,026
Coal $220,073,618
Trona $18,916,421
All Others $3,060,425
Total All Minerals $714,997,491

Percentage of Severance Taxes Collected

  • Oil and Gas
  • Coal
  • Trona
  • All Others

ROYALTIES

In addition to property and severance taxes, Wyoming collects a royalty for petroleum produced on state-owned lands along with certain fees and rentals.  The state also receives one-half of the royalties paid to the federal government for leasing, production, and fees on federal lands.  Typically, the royalty rate on state leases is 16 2/3%.  On federal lands, the rate is 12 1/2%.

 

RESERVES

At the beginning of 2017, Wyoming ranked 7th in the nation in proved reserves of crude oil and 8th in natural gas proved reserves. Crude oil reserves for 2017 are 1,119 million barrels. Natural gas reserves for 2017 are 22 trillion cubic feet. 1960 was the largest year for crude oil reserves. 2009 was the largest year for natural gas reserves.

GENERAL

In 2019 Wyoming’s petroleum industry directly employed over 19,000 people with an annual payroll of nearly $1.12 billion.  In 1981 employment peaked with more than 32,000 individuals working in the industry.

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by Industry (in millions)

  • Oil and Gas
  • Travel and Tourism
  • Agriculture

In fiscal year 2019 oil and gas production contributed the following to state and local governments:

The Oil & Gas Industry’s Share of Property Assessed for Taxation by County Fiscal Year 2018

Albany 3.18%
Big Horn 28.55%
Campbell 27.83%
Carbon 64.69%
Converse 77.82%
Crook 30.26%
Fremont 46.09%
Goshen 15.94%
Hot Springs 62.03%
Johnson 61.85%
Laramie 36.64%
Lincoln 37.94%
Natrona 31.83%
Niobrara 54.68%
Park 38.12%
Platte 15.10%
Sheridan 1.86%
Sublette 93.57%
Sweetwater 43.03%
Teton 0.08%
Unita 43.76%
Washakie 19.86%
Weston 41.05%
Statewide 42.36%

All data obtained from the State of Wyoming and/or federal agencies.

Currently, a 6% severance tax rate applies to crude oil and natural gas production (4% on stripper).  Severance tax revenues are distributed to a variety of funds including: General Fund, Permanent Mineral Trust Fund, schools, cities, towns, highways, counties and water development.